How To Build A Captivating Presentation Using HTML, CSS, & JavaScript

  • 2019-02-08 10:13 AM
  • 82

Today, we're going to learn how to create a stunning and animated presentation using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Building beautiful presentations is hard. Often you’re stuck with Keynote or PowerPoint, and the templates are extremely limited and generic. Well not anymore.

Today, we’re going to learn how to create a stunning and animated presentation using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

If you’re a beginner to web development, don’t fret! This tutorial will be easy enough to keep up with. So let’s slide right into it!

Getting started

We’re going to be using an awesome framework called Reveal.js. It provides robust functionality for creating interesting and customizable presentations.

  1. Head over to the Reveal.js repository and clone the project (you can also fork this to your GitHub namespace).

GitHub

  1. Change directories into your newly cloned folder and run npm install to download the package dependencies. Then run npm start to run the project.

Localhost

The index.html file holds all of the markup for the slides. This is one of the downsides of using Reveal.js; all of the content will be placed inside this HTML file.

Themes

Built-In Themes

Reveal includes 11 built-in themes for you to choose from:

Themes

Changing The Theme

  1. Open index.html
  2. Change the CSS import to reflect the theme you want to use

VS Code

The theme files are:

  • beige.css
  • black.css
  • blood.css
  • league.css
  • moon.css
  • night.css
  • serif.css
  • simple.css
  • sky.css
  • solarized.css
  • white.css

Custom Themes

It’s quite easy to create a custom theme. Today, I’ll be using my custom theme from a presentation I gave called “How To Build Kick-Ass Website: An Introduction To Front-end Development.”

Here is what my custom slides look like:

Slides

Creating A Custom Theme

  1. Open css/theme/src inside your IDE. This holds all of the Sass files (.scss) for each theme. These files will be transpiled to CSS using Grunt (a JavaScript task runner). If you prefer to write CSS, go ahead and just create the CSS file inside css/theme.
  2. Create a new .scss file. I will call mine custom.scss. You may have to stop your localhost and run npm run build to transpile your Sass code to CSS.
  3. Inside the index.html file, change the CSS theme import in the <head> tag to use the name of the newly created stylesheet. The extension will be .css, not .scss.
  4. Next, I created variables for all of the different styles I wanted to use. You can find custom fonts on Google Fonts. Once the font is downloaded, be sure to add the font URL’s into the index.html file.

Here are the variables I chose to use:

  1. Add a .reveal class to the custom Sass file. This will wrap all of the styles to ensure our custom theme overrides any defaults. Then, add your custom styling!

Unfortunately, due to time constraints, I’ll admit that I used quite a bit of !important overrides in my CSS. This is horrible practice and I don’t recommend it. The reveal.css file has extremely specific CSS styles, so I should have, if I had more time, gone back and ensured my class names were more specific so I could remove the !importants.

Mixins & Settings

Reveal.js also comes with mixins and settings you can leverage in your custom theme.

To use the mixins and settings, just import the files into your custom theme:

@import "../template/mixins";
@import "../template/settings";

Mixins
You can use the vertical-gradient, horizontal-gradient, or radial-gradient mixins to create a neat visual effect.

All you have to do is pass in the required parameters (color value) and voila, you’ve got a gradient!

Settings
In the settings file, you’ll find useful variables like heading sizes, default fonts and colors, and more!

Content

Elements

The structure for adding new content is:

.reveal > .slides > section

The <section> element represents one slide. Add as many sections as you need for your content.

Vertical Slides

To create vertical slides, simply nest sections.

Transitions

There are several different slide transitions for you to choose from:

  • None
  • Fade
  • Slide
  • Convex
  • Concave
  • Zoom

To use them, add a data-transition="{name}" to the <section> which contains your slide data.

Fragments

Fragments are great for highlighting specific pieces of information on your slide. Here is an example.

To use fragments, add a class="fragment {type-of-fragment}" to your element.

The types of fragments can be:

  • grow
  • shrink
  • fade-out
  • fade-up
  • fade-in-then-out
  • fade-in-then-semi-out
  • highlight-current-blue
  • highlight-red
  • highlight-green
  • highlight-blue

You can additionally add indices to your elements to indicate in which order they should be highlighted or displayed. You can denote this using the data-fragment-index={index} attribute.

There are way more features to reveal.js which you can leverage to build a beautiful presentation, but these are the main things which got me started.

To learn more about how to format your slides, check out the reveal.js tutorial.
All of the code for my presentation can be viewed on GitHub. Feel free to steal my theme!

Learn More

The Complete JavaScript Course 2019: Build Real Projects!

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JavaScript: Understanding the Weird Parts

Vue JS 2 - The Complete Guide (incl. Vue Router & Vuex)

The Full JavaScript & ES6 Tutorial - (including ES7 & React)

JavaScript - Step By Step Guide For Beginners

The Web Developer Bootcamp

Build Responsive Real World Websites with HTML5 and CSS3

Web Design for Beginners: Real World Coding in HTML & CSS

Beginner Full Stack Web Development: HTML, CSS, React & Node

The Complete HTML & CSS Course - From Novice To Professional

Original source: https://dev.to

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